A comprehensive explanation of how tax agency of the United Kingdom sees crypto assets and how individuals may be taxed has been released.
A report specifically focuses on, how individuals possessing crypto assets might be taxed, which does not outline the tax scheme for tokens held by businesses or for business purposes has been explained by the government agency, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC ) which is responsible for collecting taxes and overseeing other aspects of the nation’s coffers. It also reports, how a token is treated for tax purposes that depends on the token’s use case, rather than the definition of it. When crypto assets are treated as property than the form of money, the document is to be followed by UK government.
“HMRC does not consider crypto assets to be currency or money. This reflects the position previously set out by the report from the Cryptoasset Taskforce (CATF),” it refers that, noting the task force classified cryptocurrencies as either exchange tokens, utility tokens or security tokens.
HMRC explains, “This paper considers the taxation of exchange tokens (like bitcoins) and does not specifically consider utility or security tokens. For utility and security tokens this guidance provides our starting principles but a different tax treatment may need to be adopted.”
When the individuals receive tokens from their employers as a form of payment, from mining, transaction fees or airdrops will have to pay income tax and national insurance contributions, the investors who purchased tokens specifically in the hope that, their value will increase will be required to pay capital gains tax when they sell it.
The report continues:
“As set out in more detail below, there may be cases where the individual is running a business which is carrying on a financial trade in cryptoassets and will therefore have taxable trading profits. This is likely to be unusual, but in such cases Income Tax would take priority over the Capital Gains Tax rules. HMRC will publish separate information for businesses in due course.”
Whereas HMRC is not ready to consider the purchase and sale of cryptoassets as it would be similar to gambling. The report further explains that UK residents’ holdings of how and when- or transactions- may be classified as securities, providing examples to demonstrate
Individuals can “pool” different assets together when the calculations are set to be simplified. When placed in the pool and compared to the value at the end of the tax period, they can just look over it rather going for the individuals gain and loss calculations.
Forks and losses
Intimating hard forks which cause the chain to split and new tokens to be formed, later the new guidance outlined how forks of a blockchain might get impacted on taxation.
The section details how forks occur, when a chain might split, and how the value for the subsequent coins would be determined, adding:
“New cryptoassets can only be disposed of if the exchange recognizes the new cryptoassets. If the exchange does not recognize the new cryptoasset it does not change the position for the blockchain, which will show an individual as owning units of the new cryptoasset. HMRC will consider cases of difficulty as they arise.”
When the private keys are revealed at the time of tokens stolen or defrauded from the investors or the individual loses it, other provisions account for assets which have lost their value. HMRC advises that, when an individual is likely to claim that, their cryptoassets is of “negligible value,” can be taken as a loss when it is claimed, says later.